Ralph Varjabedian
Coding is a systematic art

Video about the presentation

Hello everybody, for those of you interested, please check out the following blog post that shows a YouTube video with a small summary of the presentation I have given.

Thank you.

“Speeding up your website”

Hello everybody. Thank you for the people who attended my presentation yesterday. Please find attached the material from the presentation. This includes the PowerPoint presentation itself + the latest release of AdvancedScriptManager.


Hello everybody, those of you who followed up my sss.aspx posts, should note that this server control is the successor to sss.aspx.

There are many ways to speed up your website, and there are even more articles and books on how to do that. One of the Important ways is that the resources in your website like scripts, javascript and css files, have to be properly cashed so that the browser does not request them every time it visits the same page thus wasting valuable load times. Instead the first time the browser visits the website, it should download the files and not download them again until they are changed in the future. The way to achieve this is to use some headers that tells the browser the “version” of your files. The next time the browser visits the page again it asks the webserver for the same file(s) and it sends with the request header(s) the version it already has, if the file is not changed, the webserver should return 304 error to indicate “no change”. Another common and important method is to stream back the files compressed to the browser, this is something that happens at the http transport layer and the files are not actually modified in any way. The stream to send back the files is compressed usually using gzip compression and the browser when it receives them decompresses them again, this obviously saves on the amount of data transported over the Internet, saving you load times as well. Another good way to improve speed is to minimize the number of requests sent to download the files you need for the page to function, for example instead of having 6 javascript files and 2 css files to load inside your page, try to minimize them as much as you can. Minimizing the files will also speed up your page loading times since most browsers downloads 2 resources at at time (2 connections per domain), the more you have resources, the more time it takes to download them. However combining your files into fewer larger files is not good for the cleanness of your code, usually we divide our scripts into separate files for code organization purposes and combining them makes your site’s code less clean, less modular and less manageable. Another way to speed up the loading time of your website is to add the scripts at the end of the page, this way the page elements are rendered and then the scripts are processed, also speeding the load time of your page.

Web 2.0 brings a lot of change to the way we interact with the web and the websites we develop nowadays have less server side code and more client side code. A direct consequence of this is that we have much more JavaScript code than we did few years ago :) One problem that arises with lots of JavaScript code is file dependencies, if your client side code is modular and it should be, you should not have code duplication, when you come to use client side code, you have to carefully analyze the dependencies of your JavaScript files and include them in order in your web page so that the page functions correctly, this is an error prone task and sometimes you find yourself adding two copies of the same JavaScript file in the same page without paying attention, silently delaying load times more than it should. Read on to see how AdvancedScriptManager control has a smart dependency system.

AdvancedScriptManager to the rescue. AdvancedScriptManager helps you with all these problems/optimizations with minimal effort from you. Read on to know what it does.

  1. AdvancedScriptManager is a Server side control that has support for design time. You add it by simply dragging it from your Tools toolbar.
  2. For it to function properly, the control needs to add an HttpHandler to your Web.Config files. In design time, it will detect that it is missing and prompt you to add it automatically for you.
  3. You add one or more scripts to it by using the designer, if the file you add is not found, it will be highlighted in red. This is a typical look of the control: Clipboard01
  4. For JavaScript files, you have a the option “Delay Load” for each of the scripts. This is a very powerful feature, when you set it to on. The script will not be loaded directly with the page, instead the page will load, once it is done, the script is injected dynamically, this speeds up the site quite well for long scripts as the rendering of the page will be completely finished before the script is injected. Please note that you need to have jquery to use this feature. jquery is a very poweful, very popular JavaScript library. If you do not have it in your project, it is just one JavaScript file, download it and add it to your project. jquery-1.2.6.js is already included with the sample application.
  5. The script files that you add to the control will be combined at runtime and streamed back as one file only, minimizing requests. Moreover the file is sent back using GZip compression if the browser supports it.
  6. The combined file that is sent to the browser has the proper Response headers set to support smart cashing. It supports the ETag and the Modified-Since headers. The control will properly handle the responses with 304 errors when the files are not changed, the browser will not download the files again.
  7. The dependency management feature goes as follows: Each file that depends on another file, will have a comment at the beginning of the file that indicates the proper dependency. Take a look at script1.js, script2.js and script3.js in the sample provided, script3 depends on script2 and script2 depends on script1 and script1 depends on jquery. Here is how the comment would look like:
    /// <AdvancedScriptManager include="/scripts/jquery-1.2.6.js"/>

    Do not worry if you re-include base scripts, for example script3 depends on script2 and script1. But script2 already includes script1. If you reinclude script1 in script3 you will not have a problem. The control builds a proper dependency list based on all the comments in the script files it has and handles the order properly. Moreover, if you have more than one control on the page, say 1 in the head of the page and another in the body. If you include a script file in the first control, and you include it in the second control as well by mistake or due to dependencies, it will not be injected again, all of the controls on the same page track the injected files and will not reinject the same file again when it is already injected. I use the HttpContext.Current.Items to enable the controls on the same page to be “aware” of each other at runtime.

  8. In design time, when you add scripts to the control, the control will show you the full list of the files it will inject based on the dependencies of the files, this will help you detect problems in dependencies if you included the wrong files. You also have a property in design time “ShowFullDependencies” which can be toggled on and off to show the actual files added to the control or the full list of dependency files.

  9. There is another design time property “ShowInDesign” that is on by default. When it is on, you will see the control as the screen shot above. If you want to see your page design without the control interfering with the final look, set this property to off and the design time control will not be visible.

  10. You can use the control for JavaScript files and CSS files as well, if you have another special type of scripts for your site, you can add the extension to the property Handler.allowedExtensions in the source code to enable the control to support it.

  11. You have the ability to modify the final combined file’s contents before it is sent to the browser. This feature will enable you to have “server side” modifications of CSS files or JavaScript files. One example of its usage If you have a website that users can log into, you might give each account the ability to specify the colors of the look of the site. You can do this by creating your CSS files with certain variables in them; instead of hardcoding a certain color in the CSS file, you specify it as [COLOR1], and then before the file is sent to the user’s browser, you replace all occurrences of [COLOR1] with the color that the user has set in his control panel. Using this feature is very easy, you hook up the static event OnModifyScriptContents which will be called right before the final file is served.

  12. If your project has virtual path providers, you can add support to them in this control by hooking the event OnGetFile.

Let me know if you have any comments and have fun speeding up your website :)

Download the sample application + code from here

Separating Time only or Date only from DateTime variable of MS Sql Server

Hello all, I wanted to write some filters on a query I had and I needed to compare some datetime variables, but only the time part of the datetime and not the full datetime value. I realized there is no built in function in MS Sql Server to isolate or separate the time field out of a datetime value or the date field out of a datetime value. I googled some solutions on the internet and non of them gave me the quick simple solution I needed so I decided to approach the problem with a simple solution. I wrote two functions called GetTimeOnly and GetDateOnly and they serve a simple purpose, to isolate the time or date out of a datetime value.

Here is the sql code for them.

create function GetTimeOnly(@val datetime)
returns datetime
    IF (@val is null)
	return null
    return cast(
        cast(datepart(hh,@val) as varchar(2)) + ':' + 
        cast(datepart(mi,@val) as varchar(2)) + ':' + 
        cast(datepart(ss,@val) as varchar(2)) + '.' + 
        cast(datepart(ms,@val) as varchar(4))
            as datetime)


create function GetDateOnly(@val datetime)
returns datetime
    if (@val is null)
	return null
    return cast(
        cast(datepart(yyyy,@val) as varchar(4)) + '-' + 
        cast(datepart(mm,@val) as varchar(2)) + '-' + 
        cast(datepart(dd,@val) as varchar(2))  
            as datetime)

Its usage is simple and straight forward, instead of using the datetime variable directly in an sql query, just put it in the function that you need, for example:

select dbo.GetTimeOnly(getdate()) as TimeOnly, dbo.GetDateOnly(getdate()) as DateOnly
Now using functions like DateDiff or comparing with “>” and “<” becomes very easy.

It's been a while...

Hello everybody,

It's been a while since I posted here, mainly because my hardisk crashed on me on the 31st of December  it could not make it till the coming year. After the crash and a new hardisk, I decided to upgrade to Windows XP, I had vista before  and Life is Great again :) I had some trouble finding the drivers, but eventually I found everything I need... Some simple differences to note, VS2008 took around one hour to install on XP. SP1 of VS2008 took less than 30 minutes to install, I remember I had to wait hours to finish installing SP1 when I had Vista... Makes you wonder what is it doing?! Mind you that when I had Vista, all the graphics effects were stripped down to gain maximum performance, most unnecessary services were stopped but still it was extremely slow compared to XP. Hopefully Windows 7 will be much better. Within the near future I will be giving a presentation at Microsoft offices in Lebanon on speeding up your WebApplications. I will keep you posted.

Increase the performance of your website, manage script dependencies in ease, (Revisiting sss.aspx)

Please check this post, it is the successor to this post. Thank you.

I have updated sss.aspx to include a couple of more features and here is what it can do for you now.

  1. The most important benefit is it allows you to combine several script files (CSS or js) into one file to return to your client, this helps increase performance of your website by minimizing the http requests the page requires.
  2. The returning stream tries to use GZip compression if supported by the client browser. This further increases load speeds of your site.
  3. You can specify default script files to include always.
  4. Proper cashing headers and proper generation of 302 response codes (not modified) to minimize the transfer of scripts to the client browser. Script files are sent back to the client browser only if they have been modified. Two headers are processed to achieve this, "If-Modified-Since, Last-modified"  and "If-None-Match, ETag".
  5. The ability to process your script files on the server to modify them before you send them back to the client (server side scripts), for example, your css files could have two colors replaced by variables [[COLOR1]], [[COLOR2]] and these variables could be replaced with the actual colors that you want to send to the client browser when requested. Using this you could achieve things like custom css files per client account (custom colors for each client account), or it could be used to specify different strings (inside JavaScript files) depending on the current language set.
  6. Last, but not least, a feature I am enthusiastic about. You can put special comments in your css, js files to indicate file dependencies. If for example you have two javascript files common.js and popups.js. If popups.js depends on common.js then you write a special comment in the beginning of the popups.js file to indicate that common.js is needed. sss.aspx properly parses this "dependency tree" and combines the files properly, in the proper order and serves them back to the client browser. If you have a lot of javascript files, you know you have the headache of specifying them in the correct order in the html/aspx files. If you "describe" your dependencies correctly in all your files by including these special comments, then you will not have to worry about this anymore, when you specify a javascript file that you need, the scripts it depends on are automatically added.

To use sss.aspx, it is very simple.

1. add the file sss.aspx it to your site (no need to recompile).

2. instead of including your script files like this:

<script language="javascript1.2" src="common.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script language="javascript1.2" src="sample.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script language="javascript1.2" src="engine.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

Add this now.

<script language="javascript1.2" src="sss.aspx?sample.js,engine.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

Note how the file common.js was omitted from the list, this is because the files sample.js and engine.js start with the comment:

/* <sss include="common.js"/> */

This comment will make sss.aspx combine the file common.js with sample.js and engine.js in the proper order and serve them back as one file.

If you have any comments, please let me hear about them. I tried to be straight to the point in this post, if some things are not clear enough, let me know and I will gladly explain more. You can use fiddler2 (http proxy debugger) to check the results of using sss.aspx.

Another important tip for increasing your site's load speeds is to enable "Content Expiration" in IIS.

Download the latest sss.aspx file here